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The Romantic Era (1798-1832)

The Romantic Era (1798-1832)
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein
Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice
Washington Irving's Rip Van Winkle
Grimm's Fairy Tales

During the Romantic Period, a lot of individuality was expressed in art and music. This time is also known as the Great Revolutions. In 1803, the steam engine was invented and thus causing trains to become popular. Other inventions included the telephone, recorded sound, light bulb, automobiles, and radio transmission. Romantic composers were inspired from the Middle Ages to do their work. Music storytelling and tone poems became popular in this time. Frank Liszt is a famous piano virtuoso who played difficult sections of music. The most popular instrument is the piano and some invented included the tuba, saxophone, and celesta. The Romantic Era is surprisingly the first to give itself a name. Musicians were able to make a living from attendance from their work. Paintings done in this time were inspired from supernatural stories. This led to heroism being a big thing in this time. The music defined itself from European classical music. William Wordsworth is considered one of the best sonneteers only next to Shakespeare. Other well known poets included are John Keats and Percy Shelley. Hector Berlioz composed operas and symphonies. He was called the father of the modern orchestra. The Romantic Period started right after or around the time Beethoven was around. This started art and music to expand and unfold to what it was. Many people did not even have electricity until after the Romantic Period. This shows how much people cared for their individuality and characteristics of themselves.



Goth” is a nomadic German tribe of the Dark Ages. Later, the term is broadened to mean anything medieval.  In architecture, the Gothic style followed the Romanesque in the twelfth to sixteenth centuries and was characterized by the arched, painted window and vault, stained glass, slender spires, flying buttresses, and great detail in stone (think Notre Dame in Paris). These characterize the setting of Gothic works.For the Romantics, “Gothic” meant anything primitive, free, wild, and mysterious; they even went so far to call Shakespeare “Gothic” because of his free imagination.